Which state negotiated and signed an association agreement with the EU, but decided not to sign it at the end of 2013? Following the UK`s vote to leave the European Union, proponents of leaving the European Union proposed that Article 24, paragraph 5B of the treaty could be used to maintain a “stalemate” in trade conditions between the UK and the EU if the UK left the EU without a trade deal, thereby preventing the imposition of tariffs. Proponents of this approach believe that it could be used to implement an interim agreement until a final agreement of up to ten years is negotiated.  Many Uruguay Round agreements have set timetables for future work. Part of this integrated agenda started almost immediately. New or subsequent negotiations have begun in some areas. In other areas, it included assessments or audits of the situation at specific times. Some negotiations were concluded quickly, particularly in the area of basic telecommunications and financial services. (Member State governments also quickly agreed on an agreement for the free trade in computer products, a subject not on the integrated agenda.) This series of meetings and reduced rates would continue, allowing for new GATT provisions in the process. The average tariff rate rose from about 22% when the GATT was signed in Geneva in 1947, to about 5% until the end of the Uruguay cycle completed in 1993, which also negotiated the creation of the WTO. Among the original GATT members, Syria Lebanon and the SFR-Yugoslavia did not re-enter the WTO. Given that Yugoslavia (renamed in Serbia and Montenegro and later two shared accession negotiations) is not recognised as a direct successor to the SFRY; Therefore, its application is considered new (non-GATT). On 4 May 2010, the WTO General Council decided to set up a working group to review Syria`s application for WTO membership.
  The WTO parties terminated the 1947 GATT formal agreement on 31 December 1995. Montenegro became a member in 2012, while Serbia is in the decision-making phase and is expected to become a member of the WTO in the future. The assertion that Article 24 could be used in this way has been criticized as unrealistic by Mark Carney, Liam Fox and others, as point 5c of the contract requires an agreement between the parties so that Article 5b can be useful, since there would be no agreement in the case of a non-agreement scenario.