Collective bargaining is common in Scandinavia, which they use rather than minimum wages to set a basic wage for workers. Therefore, instead of having a generalized minimum wage, employee unions agree on a wage structure. We can also look at inclusive negotiations where both sides lose to win. For example, unions may be willing to forego annual bonuses in order to obtain a higher annual salary. Otherwise, the union would accept a wage freeze to accept better working conditions. As a result, workers would lose as a result of lower real wages, while the employer would have to invest in better conditions. The union can negotiate with a single employer (who usually represents a company`s shareholder) or with a group of companies, depending on the country, in order to reach an industry-wide agreement. A collective agreement functions as an employment contract between an employer and one or more unions. Collective bargaining is conducted in negotiations between union representatives and employers (usually represented by management or, in some countries such as Austria, Sweden and the Netherlands, by an employers` organisation) on the conditions of employment of workers, such as wages, working time, working conditions, redress procedures and trade union rights and obligations. The parties often refer to the outcome of the collective agreement or collective agreement (AEC) negotiation. Collective bargaining is generally conducted by a union representing its members. There will be union representatives negotiating on their behalf.
This can be done on a company-wide basis or can lead to sectoral negotiations. In Sweden, about 90% of employees are subject to collective agreements and 83% in the private sector (2017).   Collective agreements generally contain minimum wage provisions. Sweden does not have legislation on minimum wages or legislation extending collective agreements to disorganised employers. Unseated employers can sign replacement agreements directly with unions, but many do not. The Swedish model of self-regulation applies only to jobs and workers covered by collective agreements.  Collective bargaining is a process of bargaining between employers and a group of workers that aim to regulate wages, working conditions, benefits and other aspects of workers` compensation and workers` rights. The interests of workers are generally represented by representatives of a union to which the workers belong.
Collective agreements concluded in these negotiations generally define the size of wages, working time, training, health and safety, overtime, claim mechanisms and rights to participate in professional or professional affairs.  When looking at the types of collective bargaining, it is important to distinguish them between a collective agreement.