Haavara Agreement

The right-wing revisionist Zionists and their leader Vladimir Jabotinsky were even stronger in their opposition. [25] The revisionist newspaper in Palestine, Hazit Haam, published a stern denunciation of the parties to the agreement as a “traitor”, and shortly thereafter, one of the negotiators, Haim Arlosoroff, was assassinated. [23] The agreement was controversial both within the NSDAP and in the Zionist movement. Historian Edwin Black said: “The transfer agreement tore the Jewish world apart, turned against the Fuhrer, threatened rebellion and even assassination.” [23] The resistance came in particular from the American leadership of the World Zionist Congress, in particular Abba Hillel Silver and the president of the American Jewish Congress, Rabbi Stephen Wise. [24] Weise and other leaders of the 1933 anti-Nazi boycott argued against the agreement and failed to convince the 19th Zionist Congress to vote against it in August 1935. [23] For the Zionist Federation, it was a way to save jews from the clutches of an increasingly hostile regime and to attract them to Palestine, while the signing of an international agreement by the Nazi state was further proof of its legitimacy, as the Jewish movement to boycott German goods broke and contributed to the resumption of German exports at a time when the German economy was still in the depths of the depression. The agreement was immediately criticized by all parties. The Zionist Federation was accused of collaborating with the Nazis, and the Nazi authorities were criticized by other Nazis for helping Jews when their official policy was to “solve the Jewish question”. Nevertheless, at that time, both parties undoubtedly saw potential benefits for themselves in such an agreement. The Haavara Agreement (in Hebrew: הַעֲבָרָה Translit.: heskem haavara Translated: “Transfer Contract”) was an agreement between Nazi Germany and German Zionist Jews, signed on August 25, 1933. The agreement was reached after three months of talks between the Zionist Federation of Germany, the Anglo-Palestinian Bank (under the direction of the Jewish Agency) and the economic authorities of Nazi Germany.

This was an important factor in allowing the migration of about 60,000 German Jews to Palestine in the years 1933-1939. [1] The agreement allowed Jews fleeing persecution under the new Nazi regime to transfer part of their assets to Palestine. [2] Emigrants sold their assets in Germany to pay for important goods (made in Germany) shipped to Palestine. [3] [4] The agreement has been controversial and has been criticized both within the Zionist movement (such as revisionist Zionist leader Ze`ev Jabotinsky) and outside the movement, as well as by members of the NSDAP and members of German public opinion. [4] For German Jews, the agreement offered the possibility of leaving an increasingly hostile environment in Germany; for Yishuv, Palestine`s new Jewish community, it has provided access to migrant workers and economic aid; For the Germans, this facilitated the emigration of German Jews, as it broke the anti-Nazi boycott of 1933, which was massively supported among European Jews and considered by the German state to be a potential threat to the German economy. [4] [5] HAAVARA, a Jewish property transfer company from Nazi Germany to Palestine. Haavara Ltd. was established in Tel Aviv following an agreement reached in August 1933 with the German government to facilitate the emigration of Jews to Palestine by allowing the transfer of their capital in the form of German export goods.