With the exception of the multilateral SOFA between the countries of the United States Organization and the Northern Treaty (NATO), a SOFA is specific to a single country and in the form of an executive agreement.4 The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Defence jointly identify the need for a SOFA with a given country and negotiate the terms of the agreement. NATO SOFA5 is the only sofa to have been concluded under a treaty.6 The Senate approved NATO ratification SOFA on 19 March 1970, subject to reservations. The resolution included a declaration agreement on the status of U.S. personnel (T.I.A.S.), cited the Military Support Agreement (6 U.S.T. 2107), City Treaty of Rio (62 Stat 1681) The last soFAs group discussed are agreements as exclusive executive agreements without a particular activity or exercise. These agreements contain a broad language of applicability. Some of the agreements apply to U.S. personnel “present” in a country, others apply to U.S. personnel “temporarily present” in a country. In addition to time constraints, most agreements contain a language that attempts to frame the scope of action. The activities described can be as broad as “official tasks” or specific to a specific activity class (. B, for example, humanitarian activities, exercises and/or training). Agreement on the status, tasks, management and implementation of the U.S.
Military Training Mission, known as the United States Military Assistance Advisory Group, Saudi Arabia An agreement on the status of U.S. Department of Defense military and civilian personnel in Afghanistan as part of cooperation efforts in response to terrorism exists, Humanitarian and civic assistance, military training and exercises, and other activities.45 These personnel are “status granted to administrative and technical personnel” of the U.S. Embassy under the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations.46 As a result, U.S. agents are immunized from criminal prosecution by the Afghan authorities and are immunized against civilian and administrative jurisdiction. , except for acts taken outside of their function47. , the Interim Islamic Government of Afghanistan (ITGA) 48 has expressly authorized the U.S. government to exercise criminal responsibility for U.S. personnel and the Afghan government has no right to transfer U.S. personnel to custody of another state, international tribunal or other agency without U.S. approval.